IPCC Says Limiting Global Warming to 1.5 °C Will Require Drastic Action
The 48th session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-48) has approved a Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C (SR15) and its Technical Summary, and adopted a Summary for Policymakers (SPM), following its line-by-line discussion. According to the Panel, limiting the global average temperature rise to 1.5ºC is still possible; however, it will require “unprecedented” transitions in all aspects of society, including: the transformation of energy, agricultural, urban and industrial systems; engagement of non-state actors; and integration of climate action into broader public policy and development frameworks.
The Summary consists of four sections: • Understanding global warming of 1.5°C; • Projected climate change, potential impacts and associated risks; • Emission pathways and system transitions consistent with 1.5°C global warming; and • Strengthening the global response in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty. The underlying report assesses the latest science on 1.5ºC of warming above preindustrial levels as opposed to 2ºC of warming, which is projected to lead to worse global and regional climate impacts, exposing 420 million more people to severe heatwaves, for example. One of the report’s key messages is that the consequences of 1°C of global warming are already being observed through more extreme weather, rising sea levels and diminishing Arctic sea ice, among other changes. The report highlights climate change impacts that could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared to 2°C, and examines various pathways to limit warming to 1.5°C, what it would take to achieve them and their consequences.
The report explains that global anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions would need to decrease by about 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching net zero by around 2050, meaning that any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2 from the air. Allowing the global temperature increase to temporarily exceed or “overshoot” 1.5°C would necessitate greater reliance on CO2 removal techniques to return the global temperature rise to below 1.5°C by 2100. However, such techniques, including carbon capture and storage (CCS), are unproven at a large scale and some may carry significant risks.
According to the report, climate action towards 1.5ºC can also help achieve the SDGs, including those related to agriculture, water, energy, biodiversity, public health and cities – sectors that influence and are influenced by the climate. The SR15 highlights in particular “robust synergies” between 1.5°C pathways and SDGs 3 (good health and well-being), 7 (affordable and clean energy), 11 (sustainable cities and communities), 12 (responsible consumption and production) and 14 (life below water). In a statement following the release of the SR15, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called the report “an ear-splitting wake-up call to the world” noting that “a half of a degree of warming makes a world of difference,” including more heatwaves, greater species loss, increased water scarcity and a total wipe-out of the world’s coral reefs. Guterres stressed the need to: plant billions of trees; drastically reduce fossil fuel use and phase out coal by 2050; ramp up the installation of wind and solar power; invest in climate-friendly sustainable agriculture; and consider new technologies such as CCS. In this regard, he urged countries to raise their ambition, strengthen their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and urgently accelerate implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The SR15 will be a key scientific input into the Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December 2018, when governments are expected to adopt implementation guidelines for the Paris Agreement.
The SR15 is the first in a series of Special Reports to be produced during the IPCC’s sixth assessment cycle. In 2019, the IPCC will release Special Reports on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) and Climate Change and Land (SRCCL). The Panep will also approve a 2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories at IPCC-49 in May 2019 in Kyoto, Japan.
The Eco Label Regulation prepared by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization was published in the Official Newspaper on 19th October 2018.
The Ministry will give an eco label to products and services whose compliance with the criteria determined according to their reduced adverse impacts on the environment and their product or service group has been proven.
The purpose of the regulation is to encourage throughout the life cycle, products or services whose environmental impact has been reduced; create a volunary eco label system in order to provide the consumers with a true and scientific information flow; and to organize the administrative and technical aspects and procedures and principles regarding the system implementation.
Applying circular economy principles at scale in China’s cities could make goods and services more affordable for citizens, while at the same time making cities more liveable, reducing emissions of fine particulate matter by 50%, emissions of greenhouse gases by 23%, and traffic congestion by 47%, by 2040.
The analysis, which identifies opportunities across five focus areas, built environment, mobility, nutrition, textiles and electronics, shows that applying circular economy principles at scale could save businesses and households approximately CNY 70 trillion by 2040 (16% of China’s projected GDP).
The report was launched in September 2018 at the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting of the New Champions in Tianjin, China. It was produced by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation in partnership with Arup and McKinsey & Company, supported by UNCTAD and funded by the MAVA Foundation, with feedback from public institutions, academics and business circles in China.
Supported by the country’s leadership on circular economy policies, continuing urbanisation, rapid development of digital technologies, and a boom in asset-sharing platforms, China’s cities are well placed to become internationally-recognised beacons of successful circular economy transitions, the report finds.
Media employees working for the Fox Group Networks carried out an environmental cleaning in collaboration with Kartal Municipality and ÇEVKO Foundation on 27th September at the Aydos Woods. Within the #21CFImpactWeek activities of Fox carried out simultaneously throughout the world, Fox TV employees were trained by ÇEVKO for a whole week on recycling. Following the trainings, nearly 100 Fox TV employees participated in the Aydos Woods cleaning, and over a ton of packaging waste was collected to be sent to recycling.
The environmental benefits of the recycled packaging waste are as follows; . With the recycling of 140 kg of paper, cardboard and composite packaging waste, 2 trees were saved from being cut down. .With the recycling of 350 kg of plastic waste, approximately 263 litres of petrol was saved, which is an amount enough to fill the tanks of 6 vehicles. . With the recycled paper-cardboard/composite packaging waste, 4m3 of water was saved. . With the recycled packaging waste, 3,740 kW.hr electricity was saved. This is more than the annual consumption of a family of four. . With the recycling of packaging waste instead of burying them in landfills, 6m3 of storage space was saved.
The circular economy model has an important place in the world’s agenda, as well as the potential to provide a net profit of up to €600 billion throughout Europe. ÇEVKO Foundation is leading the efforts for this model to take up a more widespread place in our country’s agenda. So for the transition to circular economy it has brought the experts together at its third workshop called “Financial Mechanisms for Circular Economy.”
Alongside expert finance and consulting institutions on environment and development, authorities from the İstanbul Chamber of Industry, representatives of ÇEVKO Foundation member organizations, directors of various unions and associations were present at the workshop.
ÇEVKO Foundation, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Şekerbank, Industrial Development Bank of Turkey (TSKB) and officials from Andoka Consulting also gave presentations.
The Turkey leg of the World Rally Championship (WRC) was in Turkey after a long time and brought together ÇEVKO Foundation, Turkey Automobile Sports Federation, and Marmaris Municipality in an eco-friendly event. During the competition which was held between 13th-16th September, 90 recycling bins, pet bottle collecting cages, glass collecting bins, bins for special waste, and indoor recycling boxes were placed on the racing track, viewing platform, and service points, owing to which, packaging waste was collected seperately at its source, and substantial environmental benefits were achieved with the recycling of 22,5 tons of waste.
Sarıyer Municipality organised the 2nd Environment and Art Days on 7th and 8th September in Kilyos. Many environmentalists from Turkey and around the world, artists and non-governmental organizations (STK) including ÇEVKO Foundation took part in the event.
Environmental activists, artists, sculptors, students, art enhusiasts, environmentalist associations, platform and initiatives all came together at the festival, where various environmentalist activities from baking vegan cakes to sand art, from sand lilies to “pedalling for the nature”, from coastal cleaning to concerts and workshops took place.
ÇEVKO Foundation opened a stand to give information while at the same time giving support to the forward-cycling workshops with Zeliha Sunal’s Waste-free Life Platform. Sunal emphasized the importance of recycling and demonstrated how to make use of pet and glass bottles, jars, soda bottle lids, beverage cans.
L’Oréal Turkey, a member of ÇEVKO Foundation has been organizing a worldwide Citizen Day since 2010. One day of the year employees come together to contribute to the community and the environment. And this year in Turkey the event took place on 19th September, Wednesday. In addition to the coastal cleaning, the employees put up shelters for stray animals.
The 185 employees of L’Oréal Turkey took a boat from İstanbul to Kınalıada and spent the first half of the day cleaning up in four different locations that had been determined beforehand. Those who cleaned the forest road and the coastline collected approximately 1 ton of garbage. In the afternoon the employees made shelters for the street animals, painted the shelters, and left food at the feding points for stray cats and dogs.
Roche has been elected the most sustainable company in Dow Jones Sustainability Index for the tenth time in a row for “Medicine, Biotechnology and Life Sciences” industry. The index is based on the detailed analysis of the companies’ economic, social, and environmental performances, and it constitutes a criterion for the investors that consider sustainability as a factor in their portfolios.
Severin Schwan, CEO of Roche, said that they were very proud to have been elected as the leader in the field of sustainability for the tenth time, and went on, “Our most important contribution as Roche to the community is that we develop drugs and diagnostic tools that significantly improve the lives of people. Our open and constructive dialogue with other companies, universities, doctors, and patients plays an important role in our understanding the needs of our health sector stakeholders, hence, enables us to work together to present more target-oriented medical solutions more quickly.”